The Department of Expenditure is the nodal Department for overseeing the public financial management system in the Central Government and matters connected with state finances. It is responsible for the implementation of the recommendations of the Finance Commission and Central Pay Commission, monitoring of audit comments/ observations, preparation of Central Government Accounts. It further assists central Ministries/ Departments in controlling the costs and prices of public services, reviewing system and procedure to optimize outputs and outcomes of public expenditure. The principal activities of the Department include overseeing the expenditure management in the central Ministries/ Departments through the interface with the Financial Advisers and the administration of the Financial Rules/ Regulations/ Orders, pre-sanction appraisal of major schemes/ projects, handling bulk of the central budgetary resources transferred to State.
The business allocated to the Department of Expenditure is carried out through its Personnel &Establishment Division, Public Finance (States) and Public Finance (Central) Divisions, Office of Controller General of Accounts,Office of Chief Adviser Cost, and Central Pension Accounting Office.
The Department also has under its administrative control the National Institute of Financial Management (NIFM), Faridabad, which is an autonomous body.